a term from the work of Donald Schön (1930-97) for an approach (to teaching), derived from positivism, which sees practice as involving the simple application of solutions from research to generic problems. He contrasted that with his own preferred notion of the 'reflective practitioner' where being professional involves much more thought, considered reflection on one's practice, awareness of context, and the importance of all these in defining the problem in the first place, problem-setting, rather than mere problem-solving using strategies devised by others elsewhere.
a form of highly ambitious, strict, and demanding parenting which involves strong pressure on the child to achieve and excel academically. The term is drawn from the work of Amy Chua (b.1962)
This refers to educational provision from one country being offered in another. It can take the form of taught programmes, or blended, or online. It is sometimes abbreviated as TNE. Some are uneasy with one way in which it has evolved, whereby privileged Western universities and colleges make profits from courses run on their behalf in developing or poorer nations, rather than having these same states build indigenous educational capacity.