Glossary of terms used on this site

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Term Definition
tabula rasa

a Latin term meaning 'blank slate' ('scraped tablet' literally) referring to the mind unaffected by experience. It comes from the theories of John Locke who held that learning came from experience that the child's mind was essentially empty until affected by experience (see empiricism). It is associated with the idea of the mind as passively receptive to learning with limited reference to its active capacity (see passive learning instructivism  transmission  banking model).

talented

see gifted.

target

goal or aim as applicable to a number of educational contexts. It may be to do with teaching learning or resource or financial management for example. They are often used in assessment systems or performance management.

task

a piece of work or assignment expected to be tackled by a learner.

taxonomy

the science or principles of classification ordered division into groups or categories ( seeBloom's taxonomy).

teacher

one who is employed in or who fulfils a teaching role.

teacher education

policies procedures and programmes designed to assist teachers in the development of appropriate professional knowledge skills attitudes and behaviours. Initial teacher education refers to programmes for student teachers prior to full registration and employment. Ongoing development for qualified professionals is normally referred to as continuous professional development.

teacher training

a term now out of favour for initial teacher education.

teaching

any of a host of activities which have in common the structuring of a situation to enablelearning to take place.

team

in education a group of individuals associated in some sort of joint action. It may be on a permanent basis or set up for some specific time and purpose.

team teaching

an approach to teaching where two or more teachers combine to teach a class or group jointly. It is similar to co-operative teaching but differs in that team teaching involves a unified shared approach as opposed to one teacher leading.

team-building

activity designed to strengthen group cohesion and effectiveness.

technical education

a subject discipline which covers such areas as craft and design graphic design and technology. It traditionally dealt with such topics as woodwork metalwork and mechanics.

technical rationalism

a term from the work of Donald Schön (1930-97) for an approach (to teaching), derived from positivism, which sees practice as involving the simple application of solutions from research to generic problems. He contrasted that with his own preferred notion of the 'reflective practitioner' where being professional involves much more thought, considered reflection on one's practice, awareness of context, and the importance of all these in defining the problem in the first place, problem-setting, rather than mere problem-solving using strategies devised by others elsewhere.

technicism

a term with a number of meanings and uses but most commonly used in educational contexts pejoratively to refer to learning or success defined by the mechanistic achievement of targets or belief in such an approach as opposed to fuller knowledge or deeper understanding.

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