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constructivism

a theory which regards learning as an active process where the learner constructs and internalises new concepts ideas and knowledge based on their present and past experiences. Learning is not a received object but a created process. Two main forms of the theory arecognitive constructivism and social constructivism. More generally in the social sciences it can also refers to a range of approaches which view elements thought to have objective reality as instead being  social or cultural 'constructs'.